Northfields Infants and Nursery School

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Northfields Infants and Nursery School

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Science Curriculum Map- Northfields Infant School and Nursery


Through the teaching of science we aim to:

  • Develop the process of questioning and investigating;
  • Introduce children to the language and vocabulary of science;
  • Provide children with hands on sessions and learning;
  • Provide a fun and engaging topic-based curriculum that expands children’s knowledge and understanding;
  • To develop a knowledge of the science contained within the programmes of study of the National Curriculum and Early Years Foundation Stage
  • Cross-curricular learning that enables all children to access the curriculum and reach their best abilities;
  • Opportunity to experience Forest School sessions that take place on the school grounds and at Wymondley Woods;
  • Build on children’s curiosity and sense of awe at the natural world;
  • To develop children’s ability to plan, carry out and evaluate simple scientific investigations and to appreciate the meaning of a ‘fair test’
  • Encourage children to make predictions, observations and conclusions;
  • Teach children to record their work scientifically.

Our children will experience:

  • Fun and practical weekly sessions.
  • A wide variety of teaching methods including whole-class teaching, group, paired and individual activities.
  • Opportunities to develop questioning skills.
  • Weekly sessions of Forest School.
  • Annual whole school science week.
  • Working in award winning school grounds, including: pond, sensory garden, wildlife area, growing area & fire pit.
  • Using technology to learn.
  • Optional Year 2 gardening club membership.



  • Nursery and Year 2 visit to Standalone Farm.
  • Reception – Wrest Park.
  • Year 1 and Year 2: Wymondley Wood – Forest School sessions.
  • Year 1 – Woburn Safari Park.
  • Year 2 – Cambridge Botanical Gardens.
  • Gardening club: visits to RHS Wisley and RHS Hampton Court.
  • Visitors: Teaching Talons virtual Zoo.

Early Years:

Science topics in Nursery:

Autumn 1 – Walks in the school grounds observing signs of nature. Diwali and Pongal celebrations.

Autumn 2 – British Celebrations, reindeer and understanding of keeping a home. Also changes in ingredients through cooking.

Spring 1 – Wonderful Words and Marvellous Maths with a focus on nature and wildlife locally.  

Spring 2 – Whatever Next - Science topic.

Summer 1 – Farm.

Summer 2 – Health & fitness, wellbeing, outdoors.


Science topics in Reception:

Science learning follows children’s interests in Nursery.

Autumn 1 – All about me and food.

Autumn 2 – Fairy tales.

Spring 1 – People who help us.

Spring 2 – Superheroes.

Summer 1 – Minibeasts.

Summer 2 – A life above and below the ocean wave.


Science topics in Year 1:

Animals including humans

Everyday materials


Seasonal changes


Science topics in Year 2:

Animals including humans

Living things and their habitats


Uses of everyday materials


Science week:

July 2021 – Outdoor Science and Forest School focus (to celebrate over 10 years of Forest School at Northfields).



Early Years: Understanding of the World involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

ELG 13 People and communities: Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children do not always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.

ELG 14 The world: Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

ELG 15 Technology: Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.


KS1: Working scientifically - during years 1 and 2, pupils are taught to use the following practical scientific methods, processes and skills:

  • Asking simple questions and recognising that they can be answered in different ways.
  • Observing closely, using simple equipment.
  • Performing simple tests.
  • Identifying and classifying.
  • Using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  • Gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.


Plants Year 1:

  • Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees.
  • Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.

Plants Year 2:

  • Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants.
  • Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy.


Animals including humans Year 1:

  • Identify and name a variety of common animals including, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
  • Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.
  • Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals including pets).
  • Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Animals including humans Year 2:

  • Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring that grow into adults.
  • Investigate and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air).
  • Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food and hygiene.


Everyday materials Year 1:

  • Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made.
  • Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock.
  • Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials.
  • Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties.

Uses of everyday materials Year 2:

  • Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for different uses.
  • Compare how things move on different surfaces.
  • Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.


Seasonal Changes Year 1:

  • Observe changes across the 4 seasons.
  • Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies.


Living things and their habitats Year 2:

  • Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive.
  • Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited & describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different animals and plants, & how they depend on each other.
  • Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats.
  • Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food.
Purple Mash
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